OVERVIEW OF WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU DON’T BRUSH YOUR TEETH REGULARLY

This is for you, If you have tooth discolouration, mouth odour, bleeding gum, itching gum, pain on chewing, shaking teeth,

 

  After eating, the food remnants/ deposits in the mouth become organised and colonised by millions of bacteria in our mouth and strictly attach to the teeth surface as plaque.

DENTAL PLAQUE

  • It is a soft yellow-greyish substance that adheres firmly to the tooth surfaces. Thus, plaque is an organised biofilm that is primarily composed of bacteria in carbohydrate complex (matrix)
  • This matrix makes it impossible to remove the plaque by rinsing or mere brushing.
  • They are organized colonies of bacteria. The structure of plaque is so organised that it CAN’T easily be dislodged from the teeth with rinses, brushes and sprays.
  • Although we all have tendency to develop plaque in as much as you make use of your mouth to eat.
  • In general, the more effective one’s brushing, flossing, and other oral homecare practices, the less plaque will accumulate on the teeth.

 

HEALTHY GUM & HEALTHY  TEETH

CALCULUS -Tartar’

  • However, if, after 24 hours in the MOUTH environment, plaque remains undisturbed by brushing or flossing, it begins to absorb the mineral like calcium and phosphorus content of saliva.
  • This leads to transformation of plaque from its easily removable soft form into hard substance called CALCULUS (TARTAR)
  • Calculus is harder than bone and cannot be removed by brushing or flossing.
  • This looks like the potash on many people’s teeth and they cause three major things
  1. TOOTH DISCOLOURATION,
  2. GUM DISEASE LEADING TO BONE &TOOTH LOSS
  3.   MOUTH ODOUR,

 

ADDITIONAL READING;ABOUT THE COMMONEST DENTAL TREATMENT: Scaling & Polishing

GUM DISEASE

  • Plaque that accumulates on the gum irritate and infect the gums and this is called GINGIVITIS, which literally means inflammation of the gingiva, or gums. Gingivitis is characterized by swelling, redness and bleeding gums.
  • At this point you would start seeing a tinge of blood on your toothbrush
  • This stage can be fully reversed to restore one’s dental health by professional cleaning called SCALING POLISHING
  • As the gum tissue swells, it no longer provides an effective seal between the tooth and the gum and a space called PERIODONTAL POCKET is created between the tooth and the gum, allowing new bacterial plaque to begin to migrate into the space.
  • Since it is a pocket that can be up to 5mm deep, more bacteria will then settle down there and begin to multiply and throwing a party, dancing skelewu and azonto inside the deep pocket and suddenly the attachment holding the tooth to the gum becomes loose

PERIODONTAL DISEASE

GUM & TEETH
GUM & TEETH

(BONE LOSS/TOOTH ATTACHMENT LOSS)

  • In order to effectively remove these at this stage in the disease process, brushing and flossing are no longer sufficient. This is due to several factors, the most important to note being the depth of the periodontal pocket.
  • Even the best brushing and flossing is ineffective at cleaning pockets of greater than 3mm depths, and are never effective in removing calculus.
  • B at this stage, pocket depth scaling and root planing procedures are often recommended.
  • Once the bacteria and calculus are removed from the periodontal pocket, the tissue can begin to heal.
  • However, the damage caused by periodontal disease never heals completely. Bone loss due to the disease process is irreversible.
  • Because gum tissue requires bone to support it, if bone loss has been extensive, a patient will have permanent recession (downward movement) of the gums, and therefore exposure of the roots of the teeth in involved areas. If the bone loss is extensive enough, the teeth may begin to become mobile, or loose, and without intervention to arrest the disease process, will be lost.
  • Contrary to old beliefs, it is not a normal part of aging to lose one’s teeth. Rather, it is periodontal disease that is the main cause of tooth loss in the adult population.
GUM & TEETH
GUM & TEETH

 

THIS WHOLE HAPPENINGS WILL BE WORSE IF YOU HAVE OVERLAPPING TEETH, CROWDED TEETH, EXTRA TEETH,ABNORMALLY-POSITIONED TEETH, IF YOU SMOKE TOBACCO IN ANY FORM , IF YOU CONSUME ALCOHOL , AND IF YOU HAVE UNTREATED TOOTH DECAY AND POOR TONGUE HYGIENE

READ ALSO: Bad Breath: STOP IT NOW!

WHO IS IN CHARGE OF YOUR TEETH? YOU OR BACTERIA & FOOD?

2 COMMENTS

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here